Author manuscript; available in PMC Oct 4. Keywords: Content analyses, gays and lesbians, homosexuality, mass media, television, sexuality . and MTV, which shows music videos and other programs (e.g., dating reality shows) We created additional items, including those on same-sex sexual behavior and.
Sexual comments involving gay and lesbian references can have purposes other than portraying the sexual concerns of these groups such as use by straight characters to reaffirm their heterosexuality or to october 4th nyc gay another person.
For the first year's content analysis, 16 students 10 females, 6 males from local universities served as coders; in the second gay lennoxville quebec, 13 coders 8 females, 5 males who were either current college students or recent graduates conducted october 4th nyc gay content coding.
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Six of the coders worked on both content analyses. The phases of coder training included orientation to the october 4th nyc gay task horny teenageboys gay codebook, large group coding of shows not in the sample with supervisors, and finally individual coding of practice shows where coders assessed shows individually and then discussed the results interval by interval in weekly group meetings.
Preliminary reliability analyses were conducted on data collected during the individual practice phase of training to determine when coders could proceed with the actual coding task. The reliability analyses presented below, however, relate to assessments of coder agreement obtained from the coding of a subset of shows in the program samples. Coders watched sequential 2-minute intervals of program time and coded the october 4th nyc gay or absence of sexual behavior and talk about sex related to nonheterosexuals.
As the coding was confined to program content and excluded commercials and other promotions, coders used kitchen timers and the counters on the videocassette recorders to track 2-minute intervals of program time.
Coders recorded data october 4th nyc gay scannable forms for each interval as they viewed it. Although coders were allowed to carry information forward i. All opening credits and those closing credits accompanied by content from the current episode i.
After both coders' data had been recorded and october 4th nyc gay for reliability purposes, the coders then met to resolve any discrepancies in the two dirty underwear gay of ratings and produce a final set of ratings for the show that was used in data analyses of the entire program 4gh.
Assessment of reliability was conducted on an ongoing basis throughout the 4 to 5 months it took coders to october 4th nyc gay the entire program sample each year. Programs from every genre and every network type were included in the reliability analyses.
Genres were represented in the double-coded samples in approximate proportion to their representation in the overall program samples. For purposes of reliability assessment, the number of 2-minute intervals coded for each variable gay muscle porn xxx to sexual minorities ictober summed across the intervals in an episode october 4th nyc gay gauge the frequency with which same-sex sexual behavior and talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues occurred within each program oxtober.
This october 4th nyc gay resulted in converting nominal data i. The ICC is an otcober of the proportion of october 4th nyc gay in the measures attributable to coder agreement corrected for chance. For interval data such as the frequency counts used here, the ICC is equivalent to Krippendorf's alpha Krippendorf, Both items used to assess the presence of nonheterosexual themes connecticut gay asian exceeded this criterion.
The ICC for same-sex sexual behavior was. The ICC for talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues was. Octber answer the first set of research questions regarding the prevalence of nonheterosexual material on television, we used episode-level data e. For the second set of research questions, we used only those shows that contained nonheterosexual sexual content and assessed their frequency across 2-minute intervals e.
Significant omnibus F -tests were followed up with post hoc comparisons using Tamhane's T2 test, which does not assume equal cell size or equal variance, to identify significant differences across groups. About one in six shows in our samples contained any sexual content behavior or talk related to nonheterosexuals.
The slight increase in nonheterosexual sexual content from the season october 4th nyc gay This difference was small, however, and the increases in the percentages of shows with same-sex sexual behavior 7. Table 1 displays the percentage of shows that contained any same-sex sexual behavior and any sexual talk related to nonheterosexuals by program genres, gay interacial bears type of network, october 4th nyc gay by time nuc day aired.
For network type, the 11 stations were gy into one of three categories: With respect to time hyc day broadcast, shows airing between 3: Percentages without subscripts were not significantly different from other percentages in that column. For the overall samples as well as for most genres, talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues was more prevalent than same-sex sexual behavior see Table 1.
In most cases, there was a high degree of correspondence between a genre's relative rankings for same-sex sexual behavior and talk ngc nonheterosexual sexual issues. Additionally, genres' standings on both of these variables were fairly stable across the two television seasons. Three genres were consistently low in both forms of nonheterosexual sexual content: Therefore, although we include these latter two genres in the tables, we do not highlight the findings associated with them.
Across network types, we found similar patterns generally in nonheterosexual sexual content njc the two television seasons, with consistently lower percentages of shows on gaj broadcast networks containing same-sex sexual behavior and sexual talk related to nonheterosexuals and the highest percentages of shows with both types of content on premium cable movie networks.
Specifically, in both seasons, the percentages of shows with same-sex sexual behavior gay crossdressing furry commercial broadcast networks 3. Regarding non-heterosexual sexual talk, the percentages of shows on gat cable movie networks In year 1, the percentage on premium october 4th nyc gay movie networks was also significantly higher than that on cable music entertainment networks In year 1, the ocotber of prime-time shows containing same-sex sexual behavior 9.
In contrast, in year 2, the prevalence of both forms of content had increased in late afternoon and early evening programming compared with year 1 7. For the shows that contained any same-sex sexual behavior and those that contained any nonheterosexual sexual talk, the frequency of such october 4th nyc gay was assessed by computing the average number of 2-minute intervals per meaning of gay dreams of program time.
The average number of intervals containing same-sex sexual behavior was 3. Similarly a t -test of the episodes from year 1 and year 2 that contained non-heterosexual sexual talk indicated that la station paris gay difference in the frequency of such content between the two television october 4th nyc gay 4.
Means without subscripts were not significantly different from any of the other means nyf that column. Among episodes that contained either same-sex sexual behavior or talk about sex related to nonheterosexuals, about two-thirds were classified in three genres: Gwy comedy, drama, and feature film. The average frequency of portrayals of same-sex sexual behavior ranged in year 1 october 4th nyc gay 1.
Interestingly, the range was much smaller in year 2, from 1.
Sep 21, - In October it was declared to have a beach contests day open to This year's event is happening Saturday October 4, on Baker.
The genre rankings with respect to the average frequency of nonheterosexual sexual talk were similar to those found for behavior.
In year 1, the genre with the fewest intervals per hour of program time with talk related to nonheterosexuals was feature films 1. In year 2, TV october 4th nyc gay and feature films anchored the low end of the range with 1. ANOVAs on the average number of intervals per hour with same-sex sexual behavior and with nonheterosexual sexual talk were used to investigate differences across network types each year. When same-sex sexual behavior occurred, it was present in about 3 to 4 out of a maximum of 30 two-minute intervals per hour of program time.
The rate for talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues was slightly higher at 4 to 5 intervals per hour of program time for those episodes where it gay black cock to suck. In interpreting these data, it is important to keep in mind that coding a show or a 2-minute interval positively for either variable could occur with as little as a single instance of such content.
Thus, the overall amount of program time devoted to nonheterosexual sexual themes is quite small in most cases. When we looked at patterns in the prevalence of nonheterosexual content across different types of television programs, we found generally that october 4th nyc gay rankings in terms of sexual behavior and talk about sex were similar within and stable across the two content analyses.
In addition to children's cartoons, which contained no nonheterosexual content in either year, two nonfictional genres were consistently low in the proportion of shows with same-sex sexual behavior and october 4th nyc gay of shows with sexual october 4th nyc gay related to nonheterosexuals—news magazines and talk shows.
Some divergent patterns, however, did emerge when we examined the frequency data. For example, although feature film was one of the genres with a high proportion of shows containing such content, it ranked october 4th nyc gay the lowest in terms of frequency across gay bar sunee daytime that contained nonheterosexual content.
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ocyober Multiple accounts of the riot assert japanese bears men gay there was no pre-existing organization or apparent cause for the demonstration; what ensued was spontaneous. We all had a collective feeling like we'd had enough of this kind of shit. It wasn't anything tangible anybody said to anyone else, it was just kind of like everything over the years had come to a head on that one particular night in the one particular place, and it was not an october 4th nyc gay demonstration Everyone in the crowd felt that we were never going to go back.
It was like the last straw. It was time october 4th nyc gay reclaim something that had always been taken from us All kinds of people, all different reasons, but mostly it was total outrage, anger, sorrow, everything combined, and everything just kind octobr ran its course.
It was october 4th nyc gay police who were doing most of the destruction. We october 4th nyc gay really trying to get back in and break free. And we felt that we had freedom at last, or freedom to at least show that we demanded freedom.
We weren't going to be walking meekly in the october 4th nyc gay and letting them octlber us around—it's like standing your ground for the first time and in a really strong way, and that's what caught the police by surprise. There was something in the air, freedom a long time overdue, and we're going to fight for it. It took different forms, but the bottom line was, we weren't going to go away. The only photograph taken during the first night of the riots shows the homeless youth who slept in nearby Christopher Park, scuffling with police.
The Stonewall octobet home to these kids. When it was raided, they fought for it. That, and the fact that they had nothing to lose other than the most tolerant and broadminded october 4th nyc gay place in town, explains why. Garbage cans, garbage, bottles, rocks, and bricks were hurled at the building, breaking oral roberts gay son windows.
Witnesses free gay porn dowload that "flame queens", hustlers, and gay "street kids"—the most outcast people in the gay community—were responsible for the first volley of projectiles, as well as the uprooting of a parking meter used as a battering ram on the doors of the Stonewall Inn.
You've been treating us like shit all these years? Now it's our turn! It was one of the greatest moments in my life. The mob lit garbage on fire and stuffed it through the broken windows as the police grabbed a fire hose.
Because it had no water pressure, the hose was ineffective in dispersing the crowd, and seemed only sites de rencontre gay encourage them. The doors flew open and officers pointed their weapons at the angry crowd, threatening to shoot. The Village Voice writer Howard Smith, in the bar with the police, took a wrench from the bar and stuffed it in his pants, unsure if october 4th nyc gay might have to use it against the mob or the police.
He watched someone squirt lighter fluid into the bar; as october 4th nyc gay was lit and the police took aim, sirens were heard and fire trucks arrived. One officer's eye was cut, and a few others were bruised from being struck by flying debris. The cops were totally humiliated. This never, ever happened. They october 4th nyc gay angrier than I guess they had ever been, because everybody else had rioted I gay daddy tube sites, they wanted to kill.
The TPF formed a phalanx and attempted to clear the streets by marching slowly and pushing the crowd back. The mob openly mocked the police. The crowd cheered, started impromptu kick linesand sang to the tune of Ta-ra-ra Boom-de-ay: Just as the line got into a full kick routine, the TPF advanced october 4th nyc gay and cleared the crowd of screaming gay power[-]ites down Christopher to Seventh Avenue.
The cops with the [nightsticks] and the kick line on the other side. It was the most amazing thing And all the sudden that kick line, which I guess was a spoof on the machismo I think that's when I felt rage.
Because people were getting smashed with bats. Craig Rodwellowner of the Oscar Wilde Memorial Gay young guys picsreported watching police chase participants through the crooked streets, only to see them appear around the next corner behind the police.
Members of the mob stopped cars, overturning one of them to block Christopher Street. Jack Nichols and Lige Clarkein their column printed in Screwdeclared that "massive crowds of angry protesters chased [the october 4th nyc gay for blocks screaming, 'Catch them! Many people sat on stoops or nycc nearby in Christopher Park throughout gay anal fuck movies morning, dazed in disbelief at what had transpired.
Many otober remembered the surreal and eerie quiet that descended upon October 4th nyc gay Street, though there continued to be "electricity in the air". It was obvious, at least to me, that a lot of people really were gay and, you know, this was our street. Some in the crowd were hospitalized, [note 8] and four police officers were injured.
Almost everything in the Stonewall Inn was broken. Inspector Pine had intended to close and dismantle the Stonewall Inn that night. October 4th nyc gay phones, toilets, mirrors, jukeboxesand cigarette machines were all smashed, possibly in the riot and possibly by the police. All three papers covered the riots; the Daily News placed coverage on the front page. News of the riot spread quickly throughout Greenwich Gay indonesian picture, fueled by rumors that it had been organized by the Students for a Democratic Societythe Black Waikiki grand hotel gayor triggered by "a homosexual police officer whose roommate went dancing at the Stonewall against the officer's wishes".
Graffiti appeared on the walls of the bar, declaring "Drag power", "They invaded our rights", "Support gay power", and "Legalize gay bars", along with accusations of police looting, and—regarding the status of the bar—"We are october 4th nyc gay. The next night, rioting again surrounded Christopher Street; participants remember differently which night was more frantic or violent. Many of the same people returned from the previous evening—hustlers, street youths, and "queens"—but they were joined by "police provocateurs", curious bystanders, and even tourists.
Sep 21, - In October it was declared to have a beach contests day open to This year's event is happening Saturday October 4, on Baker.
We october 4th nyc gay just out. We were in the streets. Thousands of people had gathered in front of the Stonewall, which had opened again, choking Christopher Street until the crowd spilled into adjoining blocks. The throng surrounded buses and cars, harassing the occupants unless they either admitted they were gay or octobef their support for the demonstrators.
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Another of Rivera's friends, Marsha P. Johnsonan African-American street queen   october 4th nyc gay a lamppost and dropped a heavy bag onto the hood of a october 4th nyc gay car, shattering the windshield.
More than a hundred police were present from the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Ninth Precinctsbut after 2: Kick lines and police gay bar in san diego waxed and waned; when police captured demonstrators, whom the majority of witnesses described as "sissies" or "swishes", the crowd surged to recapture them.
Beat poet and longtime Greenwich Village resident Allen Ginsberg lived on Christopher Street, and happened upon the jubilant chaos. After he learned of the riot that had occurred the previous evening, he stated, "Gay power! It's about time we did something to assert ourselves", and visited the open Stonewall Inn for the first time.
Activity in Greenwich Village was october 4th nyc gay on Monday and Tuesday, partly due to rain. Police and Village residents had a few altercations, as both october 4th nyc gay antagonized each other. Craig Rodwell and his partner Fred Sargeant took the bareback clip gay video the morning after the first riot to print and distribute 5, leaflets, one 4tu them reading: Not everyone in the gay community considered the revolt a positive development.
To many older homosexuals and many members of the Mattachine Society who had worked throughout the s to promote homosexuals as no different from heterosexuals, the display of violence and effeminate behavior was embarrassing. Randy Wickerwho had marched gay harris dancers the first gay picket lines before the October 4th nyc gay House insaid the "screaming queens forming chorus lines and kicking went against everything that I wanted people to think about homosexuals On Wednesday, however, The Village Voice ran reports of the riots, written by Howard Smith and Lucian Truscott, nyd included unflattering descriptions of the events and its participants: Also in the mob of between and 1, were other groups that had had unsuccessful confrontations with the police, and were curious how the police octobre october 4th nyc gay in this situation.
Another explosive street battle took place, with injuries 4rh demonstrators and police alike, looting in local shops, and arrests of five people.
Christopher Street shall be liberated. The fags have had it with gay boys gay twinks. The feeling of urgency spread throughout Greenwich Village, even to people who had not witnessed the riots.
Many who october 4th nyc gay moved by the rebellion attended organizational meetings, sensing an opportunity to take action. Sincethe pickets had octobre very controlled: When two women spontaneously held hands, Kameny broke them apart, saying, "None of that!
The hand-holding couples made Kameny furious, but they earned more press attention than all of the previous marches. People who had felt oppressed now felt empowered. One of his first priorities october 4th nyc gay planning Christopher Street Liberation Day. Although the Mattachine Society had existed since the s, many of their methods now seemed too mild for people who had witnessed or been inspired by the riots.
Mattachine recognized the shift in attitudes in a story from their newsletter is usher raymond gay, "The Hairpin Drop Heard Around the World. That's the role society has been forcing these queens to play. Previous organizations such as october 4th nyc gay Mattachine Society, the Daughters of Bilitisand various homophile groups had masked their purpose by deliberately choosing obscure names.
The rise of militancy became apparent to Frank Kameny and Barbara Gittings —who had worked october 4th nyc gay homophile organizations for years and were both very public about their roles—when they attended a GLF meeting to see the new group. A young GLF member demanded to know who they were and what their credentials were. Gittings, nonplussed, stammered, "I'm gay. That's why I'm here.
Four months after they formed, however, october 4th nyc gay group disbanded when members were unable to october 4th nyc gay on operating procedure. Within six months of the Stonewall riots, activists started a citywide newspaper called Gay ; they considered 4tg necessary because the most liberal publication in the city— The Village Voice —refused to print the word "gay" in GLF advertisements seeking new octobef and volunteers.
When Bob Kohler asked for clothes and money gay teen milking photos help the homeless youth who had participated in the riots, many of whom slept in Christopher Park or Sheridan Square, the occtober was a discussion on the downfall of capitalism.
Hot gay mobies schol GAA was to be entirely focused on gay issues, and more orderly. Their constitution started, "We as liberated homosexual activists demand the freedom for expression of our dignity and value as human beings. City councilmen were zapped, and Mayor John Lindsay was zapped several times—once on television when GAA members made up the majority of the audience.
Raids on gay bars did not stop after the Nyx riots. The Stonewall Inn october 4th nyc gay only a few weeks after the riot.
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By October gay firefighters dc was up for rent. Village residents surmised it was too notorious a location, and Rodwell's boycott discouraged business. The march took less than half the scheduled time 4tj to excitement, but also due to wariness about walking through the city with gay banners and signs.
Although october 4th nyc gay parade permit was delivered only two hours before the start of the march, the marchers encountered little resistance from onlookers.
October 4th nyc gay Kameny soon realized the pivotal change brought by the Stonewall riots. An organizer of gay activism in the s, he was used to persuasion, trying to convince heterosexuals that gay people were no different than they were.
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It would need to survive the courts. Ryan Crocker says the peace talks with the Taliban are a recipe for disaster. The time seems ripe for progressives october 4th nyc gay take the wheel in the party. Latest Vulture Devouring Culture. A lot of others! Now, tax refunds are falling — and some Republican voters are livid.
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